Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) is a martial art and combat sport that focuses on grappling and ground fighting. It originated from Kadoka Judo ground fighting techniques that were adapted by Brazilian Judo practitioners in the early 20th century. It emphasizes the use of leverage and technique to control and submit opponents, particularly in ground fighting situations.

Key aspects of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu include:

  • Grappling: BJJ practitioners engage in various techniques involving grappling, clinching, and controlling opponents on the ground.
  • Positional Dominance: The sport emphasizes obtaining and maintaining advantageous positions over opponents, such as mounts, back mounts, side control, and guard.
  • Submissions: BJJ utilizes a wide array of joint locks and chokeholds to force opponents to submit. Common submissions include armlocks, leglocks, and various types of chokes.
  • Guard Play: BJJ practitioners often employ the guard position, where they use their legs to control and manipulate their opponent’s movements, creating opportunities for sweeps, submissions, or transitioning to better positions.
  • Training Methods: BJJ training typically involves drilling techniques, positional sparring, and live rolling (full sparring). Rolling sessions simulate real grappling scenarios where practitioners apply techniques against resisting opponents.
  • Belts and Ranking System: BJJ employs a colored belt ranking system to signify a practitioner’s skill level and progression. The belt colors typically include white, blue, purple, brown, and black, with various degrees of each belt level.
  • Competition: BJJ has a vibrant competition scene, with tournaments held worldwide. Competitions range from local and regional events to prestigious international championships, such as the IBJJF World Championships.
  • Self-Defense: While BJJ has a strong focus on sportive competition, many practitioners also value it as an effective form of self-defense due to its emphasis on technique and leverage over strength.

Overall, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu has gained popularity globally not only as a competitive sport but also as a form of physical fitness, self-discipline, and personal development.

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